On our farm, nature lovers will not be disappointed as there is a lot to explore and to see, no matter what time of year! Amongst others, you can look forward to finding these exceptional Namibian trees on Onduruquea:
Camel Thorn, Kameldornbaum, Kameeldoring, Omumbonde, Acacia erioloba
This tree is up to 20 meters high. It has a wide spreading crown and the bark is dark and rough. The leaves have a grey-green color. The thorns are up to 60 mm thick and always grow in pairs. The small, yellow flowers bloom from August until November and smell good. Grey pods grow between December and April. They are huge, thick, hard, and do not break open easily. Camel Thorns prefer dry areas and sandy soils. They offer a lot of shade and the young shoots especially are often eaten by livestock as well as game. The wood is very hard and can be used as firewood. The Camel Thorn grows very slowly and can live to be many hundreds of years old. The root system is exceptionally deep and the roots often reach groundwater. The Camel Thorn is the most famous tree in Namibia.
Shepherd’s Tree, Hirtenbaum, Witgat, Omutendereti, Boscia albitrunca
This tree can be easily recognized by its white-grey, twisted trunk and its rounded crown. It can reach a height of up to ten meters. The hard leaves are leathery and have pointed ends. The small, green-yellowish blossoms do not have any leaves but grow in large numbers between August and February. Small, yellow, berry-like fruit (10 mm diameter) grow from November until April. The Shepherd’s Tree prefers dry areas as well as semi-deserts. It often seeds itself on termite mounds. Livestock and game especially like the Shepherd’s Tree and eat the leaves and fruit as well as the bark. Butterfly larvae feed on the leaves. This shady tree is a precious source of food for animals.
Buffalo Thorn, Omukaru, Blinkblaar wag ‘n bietjie, Omukaru, Ziziphus mucronata
The trunk of this tree is very rough and cracked and has a grey color. Branches are arranged in zigzag form. The pointed thorns grow in pairs with one straight and one curved thorn. Leaves are light green and are different sizes. Small, yellow-green flowers bloom between October and April. Berries are red-brown with a crumpled, dry skin and grow from February until August. Wild animals prefer the leaves, but birds and mammals rather feed on the fruit. The wood of the Buffalo Thorn is very hard and heavy.
Sweet Thorn, Weißdornakazie, Soetdoring, Acacia karroo
The Sweet Thorn is very common in Southern Africa and grows most often near dry riverbeds and reservoirs. This medium-sized tree has a black trunk and a spreading, rounded crown. In winter, the dark green leaves are thrown off. The long, white thorns grow in pairs and the pods are crescent-shaped. A large number of yellow, scented flowers bloom between October and February. They attract a lot of insects which in turn attract birds. Many wild animals prefer the leaves and pods of the Sweet Thorn. Its wood can be used for the manufacture of furniture and fence posts but also as firewood. This tree is resistant to frost and drought.
Worm-cure albizia, Wurmrindenbaum, oumaboom, Albizia anthelmintica
This tree is protected and can reach a height of up to ten meters. The bark is soft and has a greyish color. When pulverized, it can be used to cure tapeworms. The Worm-cure albizia has characteristic white filaments that form the cream-colored flowers. The sleeve-like fruit grow from September until November. Wild animals often eat the branches.
List of Species Onduruquea – April 2010 © Luise Hoffmann
Hoffmann, Luise (2011): Bäume an Rastplätzen und Fernstraßen. Der Weißdorn (Acacia karroo. In: Allgemeine Zeitung. (Publ.: 03.02.2011. Access: 24.06.2011, 11:57 CEST)
Hoffmann, Luise (2007): Rastplätze an Namibias Fernstraßen: Der Hirtenbaum. In: Allgemeine Zeitung. (Publ.: 04.10.2007. Acess: 22.06.2011, 18:46 CEST)
Mannheimer, Coleen A. & Curtis, Barbara A.(Hrsg.) (2009): Le Roux and Müller’s Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of Namibia. Windhoek: Macmillan Education Namibia.
Pooley, Elsa (1999): Trees of Southern Africa. Sasol First Field Guide. Cape Town: Struik Publishers (Pty) Ltd., pg. 10, 11, 18, 55.